Tag Archive | "vomiting"

Preventing Dehydration in Children

The children’s immune system is still very weak that is why bacteria and viruses can invade their young bodies and cause them to have diseases. Their bodies’ defenses are still developing that is why they are so much prone to get sick from time to time. Often children are susceptible to have diarrhea, vomiting, and fever.

The conditions mentioned above are easy to manage but sometimes it can lead to complications especially when parents fail to see the doctor for immediate medical attention. One of the most common complications that those diseases lead to is dehydration. Dehydration is defined as insufficient amount of fluids inside the body. Aside from diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, children can be dehydrated too when they are exposed under the heat of the sun for long hours without drinking water.

As parents it is very important for you to be watchful for the signs of dehydration. It is highly fatal and when left unmanaged, it can lead to death. Signs of dehydration include excessive thirst, dry mucous membranes, crying with no tears, sunken eyes, dizziness, and the child did not urinate for the last ten twelve hours. When these symptoms are present in your child, make sure that you see your healthcare provider the soonest time before things get worst.

Just like on any condition, prevention will always be better than cure and that goes the same with dehydration. When your child has fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and been exposed to the extreme heat of the sun, here are some of the ways on how to prevent dehydration:

  • When your child loves to play outdoors, arrange the time on when he is going out. The sun is most harmful at 10 am to 4 pm so it would be best to have him exposed to the sun earlier or later than those times.
  • When outdoors, always have energy drinks for your child to drink. Energy drinks contain electrolytes that can replace what was lost on your child’s body because of sweating. If you do not have energy drinks, regular water will do.
  • When your child is sick, make sure that you continuously hydrate your child especially when fever, diarrhea, and vomiting are present. You can let him drink oral hydration solutions or drink soups to prevent dehydration.
  • When your child is not able to drink due to extreme vomiting, offer ice chips for him to chew. This will help replace all the fluids lost because of vomiting.

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Motion Sickness in Children

Travelling will always be a favorite pastime amongst families. It is during travels that families can bond, get away from different stresses be it from work or in school, and share different experiences that different places offer. When parents are busy, they usually schedule trips for their family to catch up with each other.

Although travelling is exciting as it seems, it entails a lot of preparations. Preparing clothes, flight booking, hotel reservations, and the cost are things that would normally bug the parent’s minds. Travelling can also be hard especially if you have children around. Not just because it means that you need to prepare more things but also because children are prone to have motion sickness.

Motion sickness happens when the senses (ears and eyes) different signals to the brain when travelling whether riding in a car, boat, and airplane. Anyone can have motion sickness but it is more common in children aging 12 years old and younger. Symptoms of motion sickness include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and loss of concentration.

It is really hard if your child has motion sickness. Instead of enjoying, your child will feel those uncomfortable symptoms that can spoil the fun and give him fear of travelling. However, there are ways in which you can prevent your child to have motion sickness. Here are the ways how:

  • To prevent motion sickness, tell your child to always follow on the direction where the car is heading and avoid looking back or on the side of the window.  Looking on the sides while the vehicle is moving triggers motion sickness attacks.
  • Tell your child to don’t read and use electronic devices while travelling.
  • Always a headrest for your child while on travel. When the head is well supported, attacks of motion sickness are lessened.
  • Before traveling have the child eat light meals like crackers and cereals. Heavy meals especially the greasy ones may trigger motion sickness and cause discomforts in the stomach like acid reflux.
  • When the child becomes dizzy and starts to vomit, massage the child’s temples. Although there is no exact rationale to it, but it offers relief.
  • Make sure that the child is well ventilated especially when the symptoms of motion sickness are already present.
  • Sit beside your child during the entire travel especially when he is known to have motion sickness before. Your comfort will give them assurance and lessen their fear during travelling.

If your child has history of motion sickness, see the pediatrician before travelling. The physician may prescribe medications to prevent motion sickness from happening. This is much needed in order for your child and the rest of the family to enjoy travels.

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Warning Signs of Poisoning in Children

Children are very curious beings. They like to try and discover new things. Being curious may be a good thing. But, this may cause your child to prone to accidents.

Poisoning is one of the most common accidents that affect children. The extent of poisoning can be serious ones that can cause death to the child. As parents it is your duty to make your home as safe as possible so that accidents like poisoning can be prevented.

Here are some of the warning signs of poisoning that parents should be mindful of:

  • Food Poisoning

 A child can have food poisoning when he or she eats food that was not prepared well and has been contaminated with toxins and bacteria. The food can be dangerous too when it is already passed the expiration date.

Common warning signs of children affected with food poisoning are:

  • Vomiting, diarrhea, headache, body malaise, weakness, and stomach pain.
  • Lead Poisoning

Your children have this type of poisoning when they have been exposed to lead (harmful metal) and there are high amounts of lead in the body. When greatly exposed, this can cause severe mental and developmental abnormalities in young children. Children can be exposed to lead when playing with toys that have high amount of lead metal in them especially those toys that are poorly manufactured. Other children love to remove paint chips in the walls of their home and put it in their mouths.

Common warning signs of children affected with lead poisoning are:

  • Hearing loss, learning difficulties, lethargy, irritability, absence of speech and other learned skills, vomiting, and weight loss.
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Children can have carbon monoxide poisoning for a variety of reasons. At home carbon monoxide can be a threat to children when kitchen appliances such as gas stoves are having leaks and cars emission in the garage. This type of poisoning is highly fatal.

Common warning signs of children affected with carbon monoxide poisoning are:

  • Lethargy, abnormally sleepy, dizziness, unresponsiveness, and unconsciousness.
  • Medicine Poisoning

Children can be very attracted with the colors of different medications which make them very prone to have this type of poisoning. They can ingest a wide variety of medicines from vitamins to acetaminophen that is too much for their bodies to handle.

Common warning signs of children affected with medicine poisoning are:

  • Decreased level of consciousness, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, paleness, and unconsciousness.

When your children are displaying even the earliest signs of poisoning; call 911 at once. Every type of poisoning is a medical emergency and highly fatal.

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Travelling with Children: How to deal with motion sickness

Children are often difficult to bring in travels and long trips. Aside from the fact they cannot stay still in one place they have the tendency to have motion sickness. They can get sick and vomit all over the place.

Motion sickness or travel sickness is common to children. The sudden change in motion like when you are in a car or boat causes your balance to go topsy-turvy. Symptoms may include pale cold skin, headaches, sweating or vomiting. Reading and watching TV while on a moving vehicle will only make the symptoms worse. At other times motion sickness can be triggered by strong scents or revolting smells. For some people reading and watching movies while in a moving vehicle can cause motion sickness so kids are not advised to play handheld video games while travelling. Anyone can be affected by motion sickness but it is commonly experienced by children and pregnancy women.

Tips on how to avoid motion sickness

  • Avoid sudden movements while in a car, plane or any moving vehicle
  • Open car windows to breathe fresh air
  • Sleep instead of reading or playing video games
  • Do not stare at moving objects instead look in the direction of where you are going.
  • Avoid heavy meals and keep light snack along the ride
  • Maintain a comfortable temperature inside the car
  • Cover windows from the bright glare of then
  • Keep your child’s mind occupied by playing games while travelling

How to treat motion sickness?

There are pharmacological and non pharmacological ways to treat motion sickness. The discomfort of travelling with motion sickness causes some to take medications to alleviate the symptoms and discomfort immediately.

Medications that can help treat morning sickness are the following.

  1. Antihistamines – it induces relaxation of the esophagus and of the person experiencing the motion sickness. Side effects include sleepiness and lethargy.
  2.  Metoclopramide – used to combat sea sickness but can be used for general motion sickness.
  3. Hyoscine – is an effective treatment for motion sickness. It prevents motions sickness by preventing the confusing nerve messages going to your brain. A dose should be taken 30-60 minutes before a trip; its effect will last up to around 72 hours. Side-effects are uncommon include includes dry mouth, drowsiness and blurred vision.

Treating motion sickness without medications

  • Awareness of situations where symptoms are triggered like keeping away from strong scents or revolting smells.
  • Sit in the front seat; over the wing of an aircraft or in the central cabin of a ship.
  • Eat and drink before you go on travelling in a car to avoid risk of vomiting.
  • Shut your eyes to avoid seeing moving objects.

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