Tag Archive | "health"

Bladder Infection and How to Prevent It

Bladder infection is the most common type of urinary tract infections. It happens when the urinary is inflamed due to bacterial infection. The infection is mostly caused by the E. coli bacteria.

Bladder infection occasionally happens to children. Every year it has been estimated that approximately 3% of the children population are affected with infections of the urinary system and majority if it are girls. Girls are more prone to have the infection because of their anatomical structure. They have shorter urethras as compared to boys. Children under four years old have the highest incidence of bladder infections in the entire children population.

When the child has bladder infections, he or she may display a variety of symptoms like having high fever, pain in the pelvic area, pain when urinating, frequently urinating, have foul smelling urine that appears frothy and cloudy, and in rare cases the urine has some traces of blood. Younger children especially infants do not understand the symptoms they feel ,so most often they cry nonstop and are often irritable.

In the event that the child is diagnosed to have bladder infection, the child will have to take a series of antibiotic treatments. The child is required to take the medications for seven to ten days without fail to ensure that the bacterium is completely eradicated. In serious cases especially in younger children, treatment might be done in the hospital and the antibiotic medications are given via the intravenous route to ensure faster absorption.

Just like any diseases, an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure. Parents should do their best in making sure that their children are health as possible. Here are some of the tips on how to prevent bladder infection in children:

  • Make sure that your child is practicing proper hygiene. Bathing daily can help lessen bacteria that can cause bladder infection. See to it that your child changes their underwear every day. In infants, it is important to change diapers every four hours. Changing diapers much longer than four hours can cause bacterial build up causing bladder infection.
  • Inform the child on the proper ways of cleaning after visits to the restroom. For girls, mothers should demonstrate on how to use the tissue after urinating. Teach them the proper hand washing techniques every after bathroom use to prevent the spread of bacteria.
  • Persuade your child not to hold urine and to urinate when they feel the urge.
  • Encourage your child to drink at least eight glasses of water. It helps flush out the bacteria in the body.
  • Increase your child’s intake of fruits and vegetables. These are good sources of vitamin C which boosts immune system.
  • Limit your child’s intake of junk foods like chips and sodas. These foods have high amount of salt and sugar that can damage the child’s urinary system.

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Curbing Bad Breath in Your Child

Having bad breath is a problem among adults. However, halitosis or bad breath can also affect children. This may be a shocker to some because children are known to have sweet smelling breath. When you find out that your child has foul smelling breath, it may signal that something is wrong.

Normally a person has bad breath when he or she has poor mouth hygiene causing bacteria to accumulate and produce awful smell. A person can also have bad breath due to dental carries and cavities. Some have halitosis because of diseases like stomach cancer, infections of the gums, fungal infection of the mouth, and tongue cancer.

It is important to find interventions to stop your little angel from having that foul smelling breath before it can affect their self confidence and relationships with their peers. Here are some of the tips to curb bad breath in your child:

  • Look for the root cause why your child has bad breath and address them. Your child might have conditions that caused them to have bad breath. When these conditions are not treated, the tendency is your child will have recurring bad breath episodes.
  • Ensure that your child is brushing his or her teeth the proper way. Make sure that they are using a soft bristled toothbrush and toothpaste suited for kids. Most children skip tooth brushing because the toothpaste they are using is too hard on their taste, and their toothbrush irritates them. It would be best that you demonstrate proper tooth brushing techniques to your child for them to follow.
  • Supervise your child in doing proper flossing of teeth. This will help get rid of food particles that is not removed from brushing. If food stuck in between teeth is not removed, the bacteria will feed on them and destroy the teeth.
  • See to it that your child brush their teeth every after meal.
  • Make sure that your child drinks ample amount of water. Water helps increase saliva production that helps prevent bad breath and dry mouth.
  • Make certain that your child eats breakfast. Not only it is considered to be the most important meal of the day, it is also good to combat bad breath. Breakfasts stimulate the production of saliva.
  • Educate your child to rinse his or her mouth often. This will help get rid of mouth bacteria and promote flow of saliva.
  • If your child already knows how to eat chewing gum, offer them sugar free gums. It can increase saliva production.
  • Have regular appointments with the dentist. Dentists can assess the overall condition of the child’s oral health and suggest further treatments.

If your child’s bad breath is not relieved by doing these interventions, it is best to see your physician at once for further assessment, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Nicotine patches for child smokers

The England body, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), has recently recommended that children as young as 12 years old (and up to 17 years old) should not only be given information, advice and support, but also nicotine patches if they are experiencing serious smoking problems.

Although children have previously been given nicotine patches as part of trials, this is the first time it has been made part of official English policy.

The anti-smoking pressure group, Action on Smoking and Health (ASH), were pleased with the implementation of the new policy as they felt that giving up smoking was ‘one of the most cost-effective forms of health intervention’.


Posted in AdolescenceComments (0)