Tag Archive | "child"

All You Need To Know About Strep Throat

Strep throat is one of the most common disease conditions that school aged children and teens can have. Medically known as streptococcal sore throat, streptococcal pharyngitis and streptococcal tonsillitis, the condition happens when the larynx and tonsils are invaded by the bacteria called streptococcus causing infection.

A child with strep throat will show symptoms like fever, swollen tonsils, sore throat, headache, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, and have white patches both in the tonsils and throat. Most of the children affected will have generalized body weakness, stomach pain, lack of appetite for food, red rashes, and experience muscle pain.  

A child can have strep throat when he or she is exposed to someone who has the condition. Close contacts like sharing of eating utensils with someone infected, sharing of personal belongings like towels and toothbrushes with someone infected, and when the child is in close encounter to a person with strep throat that sneezes and blows their noses.

Upon seeing these symptoms mentioned, the parents should bring their child to the doctor at once. Physical assessment and rapid strep test help the doctor diagnose the condition. When the doctor finds out that your child has strep throat, he or she will order a 10 day course of oral antibiotics to fight and kill the streptococcus bacteria. Most commonly used antibiotics used as treatment for strep throat are penicillin, cephalosporin, and erythromycin prescribed depending on the severity of the infection.

Although doctors prescribe the medication to be given, parents play a big role in curing the strep throat. Here are some of the ways wherein parents can participate in treating their child’s strep throat.

  • Parents should make sure that there child finishes the entire antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics for strep throat are usually prescribed to be taken for ten days. Usually these antibiotics don’t taste appealing to a child that is why it is important that the parents explain the importance of taking the medicine.
  • The child will have no appetite when affected with strep throat so it is important that parents prepare food that are appealing to the child and does not cause further injury and discomfort to their throats. Soft foods like congee, soups, and broths are recommended. Their drinks should not be too hot or too cold to prevent irritation.
  • Let your child drink plenty of water. This will help flush away the bacteria that are in the throat and it aids in preventing dehydration.
  • Have separate eating utensils for your child until he or she is already cured. Sharing of utensils can pass away the bacteria to other members of the family.
  • Let your child rest. While on strep throat the child should absent from school so that he or she can’t spread the infection to other students. Ample rest can help them regain energy. While at home children might be bored so it is important that they can do activities that do not entail too much energy like reading and doing artwork.

It is very important the child with strep throat should be treated and completes the antibiotic treatment. Failure to do so can lead to re infection and immunity to the antibiotic given. Untreated strep throat can lead to serious conditions like rheumatic fever and acute glumerulonephritis wherein there is presence of protein and blood in the urine.

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Nicotine patches for child smokers

The England body, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), has recently recommended that children as young as 12 years old (and up to 17 years old) should not only be given information, advice and support, but also nicotine patches if they are experiencing serious smoking problems.

Although children have previously been given nicotine patches as part of trials, this is the first time it has been made part of official English policy.

The anti-smoking pressure group, Action on Smoking and Health (ASH), were pleased with the implementation of the new policy as they felt that giving up smoking was ‘one of the most cost-effective forms of health intervention’.


Posted in AdolescenceComments (0)