Archive | Mumps

All About Vaccines: What Adverse Reactions Are Possible?

Children are normally required to be provided various vaccines in accordance to their age.  However, not too many people are familiar with the problems that are linked with adverse reactions to vaccines.  Although these reactions are rare, they definitely require you to be familiar with them.  These reactions are generally caused by hypersensitivity to chickens, eggs, gelatin, antibiotics, and mercury.
 
Allergies from Antibiotics
 
 Polio vaccines, MMR or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, and varicella vaccines contain neomycin which could cause minor skin rashes.  If your child, however, has allergy with this type of antibiotic, it is advised that you do not subject your child to this type of vaccine. On the other hand, children that are allergic to penicillin antibiotic are safe to take this vaccine as no vaccine contains this type of antibiotic.
Allergies from Eggs and/or Chickens
 
 The vaccine commonly called as the “flu shot” or the influenza vaccine has egg proteins.  People, in general, who have an allergic reaction to eggs or chicken, should never take this kind of vaccine.
For people who travels especially in tropical countries like Africa, chances are you may be prone to Yellow fever.  However, yellow fever vaccines also do contain egg protein.  What can be done to resolve this is to take two skin tests using the vaccine.  If both skin tests did not show any reaction, you or your child may proceed with taking the vaccine.  If any of the two tests presented a reaction, this means that a desensitization process has started.
The MMR vaccines are safe to be taken by children with egg or chicken allergies.  Children with dramatic egg allergies are also improbable to have any adverse reaction to this type of vaccine.
 
Allergies from Gelatin
 
  There are a number of live vaccines that use gelatin as their stabilizing agent.  Children who have severe allergic reaction to gelatin are advised to take skin tests first before taking these vaccines.  Gelatins either come from boiled hogs or cows.  Most gelatins come from boiled cows.  Vaccines that contain gelatin usually come from boiled hogs.  You will need to determine first what type of gelatin your child is allergic to. Vaccines that have gelatin in their ingredients are MMR, yellow fever vaccines, and varicella.
Allergies from Mercury
 
Mercury also referred to as thimerosal in vaccines, is a component found in some vaccines.  This is usually used in killing contaminants in the body.  Although severe allergic reactions to this ingredient are rare, children who are allergic to mercury should still be cautious.  Vaccines that use this as an ingredient are usually those that are found in a multi-dose tablets.
Vaccines that are typically included in the routine schedule are free from mercury or thimerosal or contain only a small amount.  There are also a number of inactivated influenza vaccines available.  However, these types of influenza vaccines have limited supply.  The PHS or the Public Health Service and the AAP or the American Academy of Pediatrics has already taken steps to eliminate the use of mercury as an ingredient to vaccines.  Preservatives were also required, especially those for multi-dose vials to avoid any forms of microbial contamination that happens when the vial is unwrapped.  All manufacturers of these types of vaccines were persuaded to look for other options of preventing contamination.

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Things You Ought To Know About Mumps

Mumps also known as epidemic parotitis is a condition that affects humans when the mumps virus invades the body. A person affected with mumps display symptoms like pain even when chewing liquids, weakness, and headache, have sore face and ears, and fever. Although mumps is not that rampant anymore because of available vaccinations, still there are still persons that can be affected with the conditions. Your child can have mumps too, so it is must to know how to prevent the disease from affecting your precious child.

Here are some of the things that you ought to know about mumps:

  • Although mumps seem to be extinct in most countries still your child can still be affected especially when he is not vaccinated. Mumps vaccination is very important for your child to have so that he has protection from the virus especially if you are going to countries who still have reported mumps cases.
  • There is no treatment that can cure mumps. Management of mumps includes treating of the symptoms. Like giving fever medications for fever and pain medications for pain. Mumps will just heal by itself without medical intervention and it usually takes 14 days after the body is free from the mumps virus. But aspirin should never be given when your child is either suspected or diagnosed to have mumps because it can lead to a condition called Reyes Syndrome.
  • Mumps is not a serious condition unlike other conditions but when not managed well, it can cause lifelong complications. In males it can cause them to have orchitis or inflammation of the testicles especially when they are affected with the condition during their puberty years. In some cases, orchitis can lead to sterility making the child unable to impregnate his partner in the future.
  • Aside from vaccination, the best way to be protected from mumps virus is a healthy immune system. Eating fruits and vegetables, exercise, enough rest and sleep, and taking of daily multivitamins are the ways to have your child protected from the virus.

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Preparing Your Kids for Immunization in Advance

Immunizations also called vaccines are drugs used to prevent certain forms of diseases and infections, as defined by Kids Health.org, a website supported by the National Institutes of Health. Immunizations are usually given during the early years of childhood, some infants as young as a few days old are already given vaccines in some parts of the world. Most vaccines are made using a very small and controlled amount of the bacteria that it targets. This weakened microorganism stimulates the body to form antigens and antibodies for specific for that disease. Commonly, vaccines are injected into the body, but some are taken orally. Vaccines are also given at pre-determined doses and schedules, a few are just given once, but most of them are given more than 2 times.

Vaccines do not guarantee 100% protection and disease prevention. Many factors contribute to this. A person may not form enough antibodies against the bacteria or his system might not react to the immunization given.  Some of the diseases that already have vaccines and immunizations include the Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Measles, Chicken Pox, Poliomyelitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Mumps, Tetanus and Rabies. Newborn babies are temporarily immune to diseases because of the antibodies they get from the placenta and breast milk but as they grow older, this immunity fades away. The American Academy of Pediatricians or AAP has a recommended vaccination schedule for children who belong to different age groups.

1)      Hepatitis B Vaccine – Given to prevent Hepatitis B infection in the liver which can potentially lead to liver cirrhosis and cancer. This vaccine is given in 3 doses. The first dose can be given as early as 12 hours after birth. The second dose is introduced 1 to 2 months after the first and the third dose will follow after 6 to 18 months after. The immunity this vaccine provides is long term and can last up to adulthood.

2)     Pneumococcal Vaccine – Immunization against pneumonia, bacterial meningitis and blood infections. Pneumococcal Vaccine or PCV is given in 4 doses. The first dose is given when the baby is 2 months old. The second dose is given during the fourth month. The third dose follows at the sixth month and the last one is given at the twelfth month. After giving the vaccine, the child might experience a slight fever and soreness in the injection site.

3)     DTaP – The DTaP vaccine provides immunity for 3 diseases namely diphtheria, a serious throat infection, tetanus, a nerve disease and pertussis or whooping cough. DTaP is given in 5 doses. Usually introduces at the 2nd month, 4th month, 6th month, 15th month and 6th to 8th year of life respectively. Booster doses needs to be given for tetanus every 10 years.

4)     Inactivated Polio Virus or (IPV) – The IPV vaccine provides immunity for poliomyelitis, a debilitating viral infection. Usually given at the 2nd, 4th, 6th month and during ages 4 to 6. IPV vaccine is one of the few vaccines that can be given orally. The IPV vaccine provides permanent protection against polio.

Posted in Flu, Measles, Medical Care, Meningitis, Mumps1 Comment

Study shows no link between MMR jab and Autism…

A recent British study, the largest of its kind, has reported that there it has found no evidence of a connection between the vaccine for Measles Mumps and Rubella (MMR) and autism.

This comes after a huge debate that was sparked off back in 1987 after a doctor suggested that the MMR vaccine caused autism. As a consequence, a lot of parents paid heed and didn’t vaccinate their children; this lead to an outbreak of all 3 diseases.

The recent study, which screened the blood samples of a group of children (all who’d previously received an MMR shot), didn’t find any abnormal responses to the vaccine in their immune system.

[source]

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Mumps Prevention

Mumps is a contagious viral disease, caused by the myxo virus, which has plagued the human race for centuries. The most common symptoms of mumps include headache, fever, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid and other glands. These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some serious complications. Approximately 20% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not aware that they even have the disease. Mumps is transmitted by airborne means or through direct contact with infected droplets or saliva, which are ejected from the body during coughing and sneezing. Vaccination is the best way to avoid the disease. A mumps vaccine can be given, but this only protects against mumps, so it is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given, as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases.

Mumps, like all viral diseases, cannot be treated with antibiotics. Also like most viral illnesses, the best way to avoid mumps is via vaccination.

Even in developed countries, where vaccination programs are common, there are misguided and misinformed people who refuse vaccination for themselves and/or their children. To protect these foolish people, and visitors to your area from other countries who have not been vaccinated, contact should be limited until a medical diagnosis has been established excluding mumps, or until at least 4 days have passed since the symptoms subsided.

A mumps vaccine can be given, but this only protects against mumps. It is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given, as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases.

The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine prevents measles, mumps, and rubella. These three vaccines are safe given together. MMR is an attenuated (weakened) live virus vaccine, which means that after injection, the viruses grow and cause a harmless version of the infection in the vaccinated person with no symptoms or very mild symptoms. After the vaccination, the person’s immune system fights the infection caused by the weakened versions of the measles-mumps-rubella viruses and life-long immunity develops.

Usually the MMR vaccine is given to children at 12 to 15 months of age. A second booster vaccination with MMR is often given between the ages of 4 and 12.

More than 95% of people who receive a single dose of MMR will achieve life-long immunity to all three diseases. The second vaccination with MMR confers life-long immunity to those who did not fully respond to the first vaccination.

A benefit of having suffered mumps is life-long immunity, and the MMR vaccine has a similar effect. If the worldwide uptake of any vaccine is high enough, the actual disease can be eradicated, as is the case with smallpox.

As with all immunization schedules, there are important exceptions and special circumstances. Consult your doctor for the latest information.
Mumps, like all viral diseases, cannot be treated with antibiotics. Also like most viral illnesses, the best way to avoid mumps is via vaccination.

Even in developed countries, where vaccination programs are common, there are misguided and misinformed people who refuse vaccination for themselves and/or their children. To protect these foolish people, and visitors to your area from other countries who have not been vaccinated, contact should be limited until a medical diagnosis has been established excluding mumps, or until at least 4 days have passed since the symptoms subsided.

A mumps vaccine can be given, but this only protects against mumps. It is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given, as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases.

The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine prevents measles, mumps, and rubella. These three vaccines are safe given together. MMR is an attenuated (weakened) live virus vaccine, which means that after injection, the viruses grow and cause a harmless version of the infection in the vaccinated person with no symptoms or very mild symptoms. After the vaccination, the person’s immune system fights the infection caused by the weakened versions of the measles-mumps-rubella viruses and life-long immunity develops.

Usually the MMR vaccine is given to children at 12 to 15 months of age. A second booster vaccination with MMR is often given between the ages of 4 and 12.

More than 95% of people who receive a single dose of MMR will achieve life-long immunity to all three diseases. The second vaccination with MMR confers life-long immunity to those who did not fully respond to the first vaccination.

A benefit of having suffered mumps is life-long immunity, and the vaccine is has a similar effect. If the worldwide uptake of any vaccine is high enough, the actual disease can be eradicated, as is the case with smallpox.

As with all immunization schedules, there are important exceptions and special circumstances. Consult your doctor for the latest information.

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Mumps Diagnosis and Treatment

Mumps is a contagious viral disease, caused by the myxo virus, which has plagued the human race for centuries. The most common symptoms of mumps include headache, fever, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid and other glands. These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some serious complications. Approximately 20% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not aware that they even have the disease. Mumps is transmitted by airborne means or through direct contact with infected droplets or saliva, which are ejected from the body during coughing and sneezing. Vaccination is the best way to avoid the disease. A mumps vaccine can be given, but this only protects against mumps, so it is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given, as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases.

Diagnosis of mumps is usually based on the symptoms, especially the swelling of the salivary glands in either or both cheeks (the parotid glands), which is a strong indicator for mumps. Various laboratory tests may also be used to help with any diagnosis, but these are often unnecessary.

These laboratory tests include a virus culture or serologic blood test. This blood test can detect mumps antibodies, which indicate whether you have had a recent or past infection of the disease.

Mumps, like all viral diseases, cannot be treated with antibiotics. Also like most viral illnesses, a mumps infection can normally be left to run its course. Fortunately, most children and adults recover from mumps within 2-3 weeks without developing any complications.

Even in developed countries, where vaccination programs are common, there are misguided and misinformed people who refuse vaccination for themselves and/or their children. To protect these foolish people, and visitors to your area from other countries who have not been vaccinated, contact should be limited until a medical diagnosis has been established excluding mumps, or until at least 4 days have passed since the symptoms subsided.

Usually, all that is required to treat for mumps is treatment of the symptoms, with paracetamol, regular rinsing of the mouth, and plenty of fluids to drink. In addition, you should let your doctor know that you or your child has mumps, but unless complications appear, your doctor will not necessarily need to see you. Your doctor may notify the health authorities to keep track of childhood immunization programs and mumps outbreaks.

Then, in most cases, it is simply a matter of isolating yourself or your child to prevent spreading the disease to others.

At home, it is important to regularly monitor the sufferer’s progress and to check for the onset of any complications before they have a chance to become serious or life threatening. The sufferer’s temperature should be monitored, and a written record kept of the readings, dates, and times. If the temperature climbs above 101 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 degrees Celsius), then seek medical advice.

It is also beneficial and safe to use acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and other fever medications to bring down a fever. These medicines will also help to reduce the pain caused by swollen parotid and other glands.

WARNING DO NOT USE ASPIRIN. Unless instructed by your child’s doctor, don’t give aspirin to a child who has a viral illness since the use of aspirin in such cases has been associated with the development of Reye Syndrome – a serious and potentially deadly encephalitis-like illness. Instead, acetaminophen and ibuprofen may be used safely.

You can also use hot and cold packs to soothe swollen parotid glands and reduce the pain associated with the swelling.

Serving a soft, bland diet that requires a minimum of chewing and drinking plenty of fluids are also beneficial for mumps sufferers.

Tart or acidic fruit juices (such as orange juice, grapefruit juice, or lemonade) should be avoided as they can temporarily increase parotid pain. Water, decaffeinated soft drinks, and tea are better beverages for consumption by mumps sufferers.

When mumps causes pain and swelling in the testicles, consult your doctor immediately so that they can prescribe stronger medications to deal with the pain and swelling. They will also provide instructions to enable you to apply warm or cool packs and provide extra support for the testicles, which can help soothe the area and reduce the pain and discomfit.

A child with mumps does not need to stay in bed, but may play quietly. Your doctor will be able to advise the most appropriate time for your child to return to school. Usually this is around 7 days after the symptoms have subsided.

Mumps can cause serious complications which affect the brain and its membranes and other internal organs. If you or your child are suffering from mumps and have a stiff neck, convulsions (seizures), extreme drowsiness, severe headache, changes of consciousness, or abdominal pain then consult your doctor immediately.

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Mumps Transmission

Mumps is a contagious viral disease, caused by the myxo virus, which has plagued the human race for centuries. The most common symptoms of mumps include headache, fever, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid and other glands. These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some serious complications. Approximately 20-30% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not aware that they even have the disease.

Mumps is transmitted by airborne means or through direct contact with infected droplets or saliva, which are ejected from the body during coughing and sneezing.

Mumps is a fairly contagious disease, about as contagious as influenza and rubella, but less contagious than highly contagious diseases like measles or chickenpox.

Mumps can be transmitted to other people from about 3 days before symptoms appear to around 4 days after they subside. However, the virus has been isolated from saliva as early as 7 days before the onset of symptoms and as late as 9 days after subsidence of symptoms.

The mumps virus, the myxo virus, replicates in the nasopharynx and lymph nodes of the infected person.

Serious complications of mumps are more common among adults than among children.

Women may be at risk for spontaneous abortions if they get mumps during the first trimester of pregnancy, and they may also suffer pain in their ovaries.

Almost half of adolescent or adult men who have mumps experience painful swelling of the testicles, called orchitis. Sterility can also occur, but this is very rare.

Some of the rare complications that can be caused by mumps include an infection of the brain (encephalitis), and inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). Other rare complications caused by mumps include arthritis, kidney and pancreas problems, deafness, and inflammation of the thyroid gland.

These complications can have very serious consequences. If you suspect the onset of any of these complications, then seek immediate medical advice and treatment.

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Mumps Symptoms and Complications

Mumps is a contagious viral disease, caused by the myxo virus, which has plagued the human race for centuries. The most common symptoms of mumps include headache, fever, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid and other glands. These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some serious complications. Approximately 20-30% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not aware that they even have the disease. Mumps is transmitted by airborne means or through direct contact with infected droplets or saliva, which are ejected from the body during coughing and sneezing. Vaccination is the best way to avoid the disease. A mumps vaccine can be given, but this only protects against mumps, so it is far more common for the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to be given, as this immunizes the child against all 3 diseases.

The most common symptoms of mumps include headache, fever, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid and other glands. These symptoms are not usually serious, but mumps can cause some serious complications.
Approximately 20% of infected people do not have any symptoms of mumps at all, and they are not aware that they even have the disease.

The parotid glands produce saliva, and are located between the ear and jaw at the back of each cheek. These glands swell and become painful to touch during mumps, and often make the sufferer look like a hamster with food in its cheeks.

The parotid glands usually become increasingly swollen and painful over the course of a few days, and the pain is worst when the sufferer swallows, talks, chews, or drinks acidic juices (such orange or pineapple juice).

The swelling may be uneven or one-sided, even if both parotid glands are infected with mumps. For example, the parotid glands on one side may swell a few days before the other side, or, in other cases, only one side may swell at all.

Occasionally, mumps may affect other salivary glands, such as those found under the tongue or under the jaw, causing swelling and pain in these areas.

Other symptoms may appear in the first week after the parotid glands begin to swell and may include: drowsiness, stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, and convulsions.

In addition to the symptoms, mumps can also cause a range of serious complications, such inflammation and swelling of the brain and other organs, such as the pancreas, although this is uncommon. Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) are both rare and very serious complications of mumps.

Other rare complications caused by mumps include arthritis, kidney and pancreas problems, deafness, and inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Serious complications of mumps are more common among adults than among children.

Mumps in adolescent and adult males may also result in inflammation of the testicles (called that can orchitis), which causes a lot of pain and can also lead to sterility in very rare cases. Usually one testicle becomes swollen and painful, and this occurs about 7 to 10 days after the parotid glads swell. This testicular swelling may be accompanied by fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and shaking chills. Abdominal pain can sometimes be mistaken for appendicitis. In rare cases, both testicles can become becomes swollen and painful. Even when this occurs, sterility is a rare complication of mumps. After 3 to 7 days, the testicular pain, fever, and swelling usually subside.

In some females, the ovaries may be affected by mumps, and this can cause pain and tenderness in parts of the abdomen. Women may also be at risk for spontaneous abortions if they get mumps during the first trimester of pregnancy.

In other cases, the signs and symptoms of mumps can be so mild that no one suspects a mumps infection. Doctors believe that about 20-30% of people may have mumps infections without any symptoms.

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