Archive | Hyperactivity

The Deal about Broken Bones

 Children especially those within the toddler years are very active and playful. They run around the lot with other kids and sometime get rough with playing with their playmates. They hop on bicycles, skates and skateboards without fear of falling or sliding off. They get up on monkey bars and attempts to perform tricks to impress their peers not knowing the danger they are putting themselves into.

 Kids aged 5 to 8 years old are very prone to falls and slips which cause broken bones. Like a stick or a twig that can easily snap a kids bone is prone to breakage as it has not developed fully unlike adult bone. And with kids’ extreme energy they can break a fall with their forearm which commonly results to a fracture injury.

 A fracture is a break in the bone that can range from a thin line to a complete breakage splitting the bone into two. Clinically fractures are classified into the following.

  1.  Complete fracture – when a bone is split in to two broken pieces.
  2. Greenstick fracture – the bone breaks only on one side. It does not break all the way through.
  3. Single fracture – characterizes a fracture in just one place.
  4. Comminuted fracture – a bone breaks into more than two pieces or is crushed.
  5. Bowing fracture – usually happens in kids wherein the bone bends and does not show signs of breakage.
  6. Open fracture – a traumatic sight wherein the bone breaks and sticks out through the skin.

 The pain from a fracture varies on the type of fracture. An open fracture is usually the painful ones and is very traumatic to look at because of the open wound with flesh showing and blood all over the place. Some fractures are so small that sometimes kids don’t feel them at all.

 What do we do when our child breaks a bone? First and foremost you need to stay calm because panicking will not do you and your child any good. Try to keep your child in a comfortable position while calling for help or transporting him to the hospital. Keep the area of injury immobilized, preferably splinted by a cardboard with a flat surface. If there is open fracture, try not to contaminate the area and keep it from being exposed by putting a light cloth over it. If the person fell and the injury may involve the neck area it is best to avoid movement at all cost. Call the paramedics immediately for help.

 Upon reaching the hospital, the doctor will order x-rays to evaluate the fracture and assess on the best treatment option possible. For closed fractures that are not severe the doctor may re align the bones manually. This can be very painful and uncomfortable but the doctor will prescribe analgesics to control the pain then immobilize the affected area in a cast to promote healing. In cases of open extensive fractures, an operation may be necessary. The doctor may put metal pins and braces to realign the bones. This procedure will be done under anaesthesia.

 As parent we need to worry as kids’ bones heals fast. We should assist them in their recovery period and help them do exercises to promote healing and strengthening of the healed fractures. Stay away for a while from monkey bars and other rigorous activities that can further lead to injuries such as contact sports. It is also a good idea to promote safety to your kids by instructing them to wear protective gear if they will engage in dangerous sports and activities. Wear helmets and pads to cushion their fall and protect them when accidents happen.

Posted in Child Safety, Growing Pains, Hyperactivity, Medical CareComments Off

All About Diarrhea and Your Kids

Diarrhea is one of the most common conditions suffered by children nowadays. This condition is characterized by having watery stools and occurs for 3 or more instances a day, more than a normal person’s regular bowel movement. Even if there are many over the counter drugs available out there, proper attention and care must be exercised in order to make sure that it is treated the right way. It has to be noted also that diarrhea is the second most common cause of death for infants, and one of the leading cause of deaths in developing countries worldwide.

Types of Diarrhea

1. Secretory – this type of diarrhea is a condition wherein the body has an increase in the secretion of chloride ions. The secretion of intestinal fluids in this kind of diarrhea is the same as that of the plasma, which continues even if the intake of food is limited or there is no intake at all. The most common type of treatment administered to children suffering from this type of diarrhea is oral rehydration salts.   

 2. Osmotic - osmotic diarrhea is a condition which occurs when excessive amounts of water is absorbed by stool. One of the common causes of this type of diarrhea is indigestion, wherein the nutrients of the food children eat are left inside the lumen, which in turn pulls in water. This condition can also be caused by excessive intakes of Vitamin C. Children who are lactose intolerant are also prone to osmotic diarrhea for their body will have a hard time absorbing all the lactose after taking too much dairy products.

3. Exudative – this type of diarrhea is characterized by the presence of pus and blood in the stool. It occurs when the digestive system of a child is infected by food poisoning and other diseases like ulcerative colitis and E. coli.  

 4. Motility-related this is the most common type of diarrhea suffered by children and adults alike. Motility-related diarrhea or hypermotility happens when food quickly moves inside the intestines, which results to the lack of time of the body to absorb all the water and nutrients carried by those foods. The most common treatment for this type of diarrhea is loperamide.  


Treatment of Diarrhea

In most cases, diarrhea can be treated at home with over the counter drugs. But in some cases, proper monitoring is needed. Below are some of the instances wherein a parent should be very observant and should consider seeking the help of a medical professional:

  1. When infants have diarrhea (in cases of young children, if they have severe or moderate diarrhea).
  2. When there is blood on the stool.
  3. When diarrhea persists for more than a couple of days.
  4. When diarrhea is associated with fever, abdominal pains and sudden loss of weight.

In a lot of diarrhea cases, the replacement of salts and fluids which were lost during the term of the condition is the most common treatment. This type of treatment is usually done orally (through oral rehydration therapy). But in cases wherein the diarrhea is severe, intravenous administration of oral rehydration salts is needed.

Posted in Hyperactivity, Lactose Intolerance1 Comment

No TV for kids under 3…

(United Kingdom): A psychologist told Members of Parliament yesterday that children under 3 years old should not be allowed to watch TV at all as it can adversely affect their linguistic and social development. It could also pose increased health risks such as obesity, ADHD and autism.

Dr A Sigman, a member of the Institute of Biology and a British Psychological Society fellow, believed that 90 minutes of television a day is enough to cause such damage.

The doctor also mentioned that children aged between 3 and 7 years should only be allowed 30 minutes to an hour’s worth of television a day.

Posted in Hyperactivity, Obesity0 Comments

Children with Attention Deficit Disorder more likely to bully…

A new study has shown that children with ADHD are almost 4 times more likely to be bullies. On the flipside, these same kids were found to be almost 10 times more likely to be the victims of bullying prior to being bullies themselves.

The year-long study involved all 4th graders in a school in Stockholm.

It was felt the study might help parents and teachers appreciate the possibility of other underlining factors affecting a child with ADHD, beyond the obvious behavioural and attention issues.

However, it was also felt treating ADHD wouldn’t treat the bullying as ADHD drugs improve a child’s concentration span but don’t deal with the aggression that could lead to bullying.

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The Health Benefits of Taijiquan

Taijiquan, sometimes known as Tai Chi Chuan, is a Chinese martial art known for its health and spiritual benefits. Regular taijiquan practise leads to an increased conscious control of ones body. Taijiquan theory is based on relaxation of muscle to create power rather than tension, this makes the sport one of the more gentle martial arts.

Taijiquan practise has many health benefits, both for body and mind. In children, taijiquan has been shown to reduce problems such as hyperactivity and ADD through its relaxation and control techniques. Improvements are made to the cardiovascular health, and, as with any physical activity, a healthy weight is easier to achieve and maintain. Other benefits for children include improved sleep patterns and a decreased susceptibility to depression, anxiety and mental illness.

Taijiquan can be practiced by the young and old, and is an excellent family activity. Why not make it your New Year’s resolution to join a Taijiquan club for the good of your families health?

Read more about Asian Culture.

Posted in Exercise, Hyperactivity, Sleep0 Comments